Law passed to govern organ transplants in Guyana – Guyana newsroom
After years of performing different types of transfusions and organ transplants, Guyana has finally enacted laws to govern and regulate how these highly technical and medical exchanges of human parts are performed.
The human organ transplant bill passed the National Assembly on Monday, even as opposition lawmakers called for it to be sent to a special committee for further discussion.
Health Minister Dr Frank Anthony said he was pleased that the government had done all the right things and sought input from international and local professionals before introducing what he described as the most effective legislation. most advanced in the English-speaking Caribbean.
He recalled that transfusions have been done for decades in Guyana with the first transplant performed on July 12, 2008; it was a kidney transplant.
Since then, and in the absence of regulatory legislation, some 66 kidney transplants and 99 corneal transplants have been performed locally.
“There was no legislation in place and this government was the one that thought it was important to put in place the guarantee and the law and specify the penalty for breaking the law.
‘We come from a place where we had nothing and we are putting this structure in place,’ Dr Anthony told the House on Monday.
Legislation will govern the transplantation of human tissue into the body of another living person and the ethical issues associated with this operation.
As such, the legislation prohibits citizens from being victims of trafficking in human organs, thus creating offenses and penalties preventing such sinister acts.
A national agency for human organ and tissue transplantation would be created to manage the removal, donation and transfer of human organs.
The Minister of Health may authorize any hospital, including a private hospital, clinic, health care provider, laboratory or other establishment, to be designated as a transplant establishment.
All people who are willing to donate their organs for transplant to help improve the lives of others or for use in scientific research will be part of a national donor and transplant registry.
This register will include the names of adults who have given their consent to the donation of their organs, tissues, cells or biofluids after their death.
A person who has given his consent may, at any time before the removal of the organ, tissue, cell or biofluid to which this consent has been given, revoke said consent.
For the donation of tissues, organs, cells or biofluids by minors, an independent evaluation committee is constituted by the chief medical officer or the director of medical services of the designated hospital where the bodily element will be transplanted. .
Georgetown Hospital has been pushing for years for such legislation, which will also save lives. The public hospital has the capacity and equipment for these operations, but there is no legislation to govern them.